Table 5

Mario F. Romero
Augusta, GA

Restorative Technique Selection in Class IV Direct Composite Restorations. A Simplified Approach

Reproducing esthetically pleasant anterior restorations requires that clinicians combine artistic skills with fundamental knowledge of tooth morphology along with selection and use of appropriate composite resin materials. The purpose of this table clinic is to describe in detail how one patient’s maxillary central incisors were restored using a simplified two-shade direct composite resin technique.

Learning Objectives:

  • To make transitional (composite/tooth) lines invisible
  • Obtain esthetic results with a single composite opacity
  • Achieve natural contours in 4 simple steps

Table 6

Renelle Conner
Seattle, WA

Protocols for Silver Diamine Fluoride Stain Reduction

Silver Diamine Fluoride (SDF) is very effective in caries prevention. It has been in use in many Asian countries. The major drawback is the resulting dark discoloration. We will present recent information regarding the use of SDF in the United States as a tooth desensitizer and its off-label use as a caries prevention agent. Experimental protocols to prevent discoloration will be discussed.

Learning Objectives:

  • The effectiveness of SDF as a caries prevention agent
  • The recent information regarding the use of SDF in the US
  • Effective protocols in preventing black discoloration

Table 7

So Ran Kwon
Loma Linda, CA

Articulating the Role of the “Operative Dentistry Journal” in Our Evolving Academic Society 

“Operative Dentistry” is a refereed international that is supported by three organizations: Academy of Operative Dentistry, American Academy of Gold Foil Operators, and the Academy of R. V. Tucker Study Clubs. This table clinic will articulate the essential role of “Operative Dentistry” as it contributes to building a collective knowledge base for our evolving scientific operative dentistry community.

Learning Objectives:

  • Learn the role that the “Operative Dentistry” journal plays in our operative dentistry community
  • Acquire knowledge on how to become a reviewer and envision your services to the advancement of “Operative Dentistry”
  • Describe the rewarding benefits of participating as a reviewer

Table 8

Nader Almubarak
Los Angeles, CA

Marginal Integrity of Composite Resin and Glass Ionomer as a Restoration for Non-Carious Cervical Lesions: A Mixed Systematic Review and Cumulative Meta Analysis in Pursuance of the Best Evidence Base

Learning Objectives:

  • Does the chemical bonding of glass ionomer have better retention in NCCLs than the bonding agents of composite?
  • What bonding system for composite can overcome the sclerotic dentin in NCCLs?
  • The marginal integrity of glass ionomer and composite restorations in NCCLs; evidence-based dentistry study

Table 9

Tamer Theodory
Iowa City, IA

Tooth Preserving Options for the Treatment of Smooth Surface Initial Active Carious Lesions

The table clinic will present cases demonstrating approaches for the treatment of smooth surface initial active carious lesions treated by remineralization, resin infiltration, and silver diamine fluoride (SDF). The advantages, disadvantages, indications, contraindications, esthetics, and cost will be discussed for each treatment option.

Learning Objectives:

  • To present three different approaches to treat smooth surface initial active carious lesions such as remineralization, resin infiltration, and silver diamine fluoride (SDF)
  • To understand the mechanism of action and clinical technique of application of each treatment approach
  • To discuss advantages, indications, contraindications, esthetic outcome, and cost for each treatment approach

Table 10

Vilhelm Gretar Olafsson
University of Iceland, Iceland

Effect of Composite Type and Placement Technique on Cuspal Strain

The emergence of bulk-fill composite resins on the market brings promise of simplified and expedited restorative techniques. This is a welcomed improvement since the placement of direct posterior composite resins using traditional incremental methods is both time-consuming and technique-sensitive. However, placement and polymerization in bulk brings concerns regarding several potential issues, among them the effect of polymerization shrinkage stress on the tooth-restorative interface. This table clinic illustrates a recent in vitro experiment where cuspal strain was measured in real-time while large MOD cavities in maxillary premolars where restored with 3 different types of bulk-fill restoratives, compared with a conventional composite resin placed incrementally.

Learning Objectives:

  • Cuspal strain as an effect of different restorative procedures (incremental placement vs. different bulk fill composite resins) will be illustrated
  • The composition and properties of different bulk-fill composite resins will be explained
  • The potentially adverse consequences of bulk-filling with traditional composite resins will be explained

Table 11

Swati Chitre
Troy, MI

The influence of Lead Content in Water and Its Effects on Properties of Tooth Structure Substrates

We evaluated the influence of lead (Pb) contaminated water at different concentrations on optical properties of restorative materials. Solutions were formulated by diluting a lead stock solution, varying at 4 different concentrations and pH of the water samples was adjusted to either 7 or 8. Two restorative materials resin composite (Premise, A2 shade, Kerr, USA) resin-modified glass ionomer (Fuji II LC, A2 shade, GC, Japan) were evaluated. Samples were prepared by using a PVS (Imprint 4, 3M ESPE) mold with internal dimensions of 6mm diameter x 2 mm thickness. In order to assess L*a*b* parameters, samples were evaluated by using a spectrophotometer (VITA Easyshade® Compact, VITA), using two different backgrounds (~0% [BB] or ~100% [WB] reflection). Radiopacity was assessed by radiographic analysis associated to aluminum-standard (step-wedge). After 1 day of storage, a reduction on b* and a* parameters was observed for all groups exposed to lead, higher when exposed to lower pH and higher lead concentrations. After 7 days, a reduction for L*, a* and b* parameters was observed for G while an increase was observed for C. Different concentrations of lead in water altered optical properties of restorative dental materials.

Learning Objectives:

  • Lead content and its influence on water
  • Lead content and its influence on tooth substrates
  • Elements effecting Mechanical properties of tooth

Table 12

Leslie H. Tripp
Apex, NC

An Introduction to Fluorescent Aided Caries Excavation (FACE)

How will this new novel technology assist the dental clinician in excavating only the most heavily infected carious dentin, allowing remineralizable dentin to remain? We will compare FACE to our traditional tactile and visual guide to caries excavation and preparation.

Learning Objectives:

  • Visually distinguish between sound dentin, infected dentin, and affected dentin
  • Distinguish between sound dentin, affected dentin, and infected dentin using Fluorescence aided caries excavation
  • Understand the principles of selective caries excavation

Table 13

Watcharaphong Ariyakriangkai
Iowa City, IA

CAD/CAM Resin-Bonded Fixed Partial Dentures (RBFPD’s)

This table clinic shows the application of CAD/CAM RBFPD’s for the replacement of congenitally missing teeth in the mandibular anterior region. Case selection, treatment planning, and workflow of the digital designing process will be presented. A step-by-step process will be demonstrated along with a discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of CAD/CAM RBFPD’s.

Learning Objectives:

  • Define the case selection criteria, treatment planning, and prosthetic design for CAD/CAM Resin-Bonded Fixed Partial Dentures
  • Demonstrate step-by-step procedure for predictable fabrication of esthetic restorations
  • Discuss the benefits and challenges of CAD/CAM technology with regards to designing and fabrication

Table 14

Hiroe Ohyama, D.M.D., MMSc, PhD
Boston, MA

Dental Students’ Self-assessment in Pre-clinical Operative Procedures

“Self-assessment is critical for health care providers. The purpose of this study was to evaluate how dental students self-access their performance in pre-clinical operative procedures. It was shown that students had room for improving accuracy of self-assessment.  Low-performing students had more accurate self-assessments and tended to under estimate themselves”.

Learning Objectives:

  • The importance of self-assessment ability for dental care providers
  • The relationship between dental students’ preclinical skills and self-assessment skills
  • The relationship between dental students’ academic performance and self-assessment ability

Table 15

Alison Ozaki
La Habra, CA

Fiber Posts: A clinically Relevant Decision Making Matrix

This table clinic aims to address the similarities and differences between various fiber post systems to provide a condensed and comprehensive guide to aid dentists in their choice of a fiber post.

Learning Objectives:

  • Indications for the use of fiber posts
  • Specifications of various fiber post designs and placement
  • Comprehensive guide to choose a fiber post


Table 16

Awab Abdulmajeed
Chapel Hill, NC,

Physical and Mechanical Properties of Resin Modified Glass Ionomer Cements with Different Modes of Dispensing Systems

Although several new luting cements are available in the original powder/liquid form, manufacturers have changed the dispensing systems for more convenient manipulation of the cements. Changing the mode of dispensing has brought about changes in physical and mechanical properties of these cements.

Learning Objectives:

  • Physical and mechanical properties of powder-liquid form of resin modified glass ionomer cements
  • Physical and mechanical properties of paste-paste form of resin modified glass ionomer cements
  • Evidence based knowledge of physical and mechanical properties and their effects on clinical success for both categories of cements

Table 17

Janice A. Lee
La Palma, CA

Behavior of Fracture Resistance of Bonded Restorative Materials Supporting the Undermined Buccal Cusps: Strength Comparison

Studies have shown that preservation of tooth structure is the primary factor to producing a higher quality and longer lasting restoration. With bonded materials which mimic the properties of natural dental tissues, it is possible to allow the undermined cusps to remain supported properly by adhesive materials. This provides the opportunity to conserve tooth structure, maintain occlusal relationships, and potentially extend restoration survival.

Learning Objectives:

  • Increase the knowledge of different dental materials that act as dentin analogues which provide support to undermined enamel
  • Compare relative strengths of material-dentin-enamel complexes subjected to thermal cycling and compressive forces
  • Understand the relationship between base materials and structural reinforcement of load bearing surfaces

Table 18

Ankur Khanna
Los Angeles, CA

Custom Implant Abutments for Cemented Prosthesis: A Clinically-based Approach for Selection

The customization of abutments is an important factor in determining the success of an implant-supported restoration. The aim is to compare custom abutment materials for cemented implant prosthesis based on clinically relevant parameters: peri-implant tissues response, type of contour/emergence profile, cost involved, indications and contraindications, and esthetic use. Abutment materials compared are: titanium, titanium coated with titanium nitride, full zirconia, and zirconia with a titanium base.

Learning Objectives:

  • A comparison between different types of materials used for custom implant abutments for cemented prostheses based on clinically relevant parameters
  • Understand the inter-relationship between abutment design, margin placement, and the effects of soft tissue contour on the outcome of the implant supported restoration
  • The indications, use and type of material, and their effects in esthetics, semi-esthetic, and non-esthetic clinical scenarios

Table 19

Hamid Azizi
Toluca Lake, CA

Influence of Core Buildup Materials in the Retention Form on Over-Prepared Teeth

A number of techniques have been suggested to improve retention of over-tapered crown preparations, including addition of retentive grooves and slots, use of bonded resin cements, and the use of core buildup materials to improve preparation form. The presented research will compare retention resistance form of ceramic crowns with different buildup materials on over tapered preparations.

Learning Objectives:

  • Review and discuss the selection of a core build-up material in the restoring over-tapered tooth after the removal of large dental caries or old restorations
  • Better understanding of the pulp’s response to core build-up materials, and the importance in maintaining the tooth’s vitality in any restorative procedure
  • Explain the step-by-step procedure for completing a core build-up, crown preparation, and cementation of ceramic crown restoration in the same visit

Table 20

Aubrey R. Hopkins, Jr.
Sackets Harbor, NY

The Efficacy of Resin Infiltration in the Management of High Risk Patients Demonstrating Interproximal Lesion Progression

The outcomes of this clinic are disclosed by Serial Digital Subtraction Radiography in a three year “Human Use” clinical trial.

Learning Objectives:

  • Provide a more broad based exposure to the potential efficacy of resin infiltration; a recently introduced and evolving dental material that may prove to be of use for non-surgical management of early carious lesions identified as refractory to currently accepted patient management modalities
  • Initiate discussion within the community regarding the need for consensus and calibration of thought when identifying the appropriate time at which a “watch and wait lesion” is at risk for surface cavitation thereby requiring that the provider intervene
  • Stimulate the rapid inclusion of active and intermediate, non-surgical modes of caries management into the treatment planning disciplines of both developing and veteran providers

Table 21

This Table Clinic will be conducted by several members of the AAGFO

American Academy of Gold Foil Operators 

AAGFO membership is dedicated to direct gold as an alternative to other materials that may have inferior clinical longevity. We take pride in offering educational opportunities for practitioners, students and dental educators. Annual meetings are held at dental schools and military clinics to promote greater skill in the use of direct gold foil.  This table clinic will explain the virtues of direct filling gold and provide participants the opportunity to place gold foil into preparations.

Learning Objectives:

  • Learn the role that the direct filling gold has in conservative dentistry today
  • Acquire knowledge on how to place a gold foil restoration
  • Understand where to obtain hands-on experience in this procedure

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